Alexandria is a destination not to be missed on the tours or trips to Egypt, a city steeped in history and monuments left by the various civilizations that inhabited it. Alexandria is a port city located about 200 km north of Cairo, in the Mediterranean Sea coast and in the Nile Delta. Founded by Alexander the Great in 332 A.C., it was the capital of Egypt during the time of the Ptolemies in which organized its famous Library and Museum. In ancient times became the main Mediterranean port Ostia in Rome until he took that supremacy.
Today, Alexandria is Egypt's most important port, a city that looks distinctly European look, which differs from the labyrinthine Islamic cities, but retains some ruins of the past as the Roman Amphitheatre, the Pompey column of 25 meters, the ruins of the temple of Taposiris Magna, among others. The Greco-Roman Museum where you saved the most historic pieces. At the entrance to the harbor we find Qait-Bay Fortress built in the fifteenth century, in the same place where stood the Lighthouse of Alexandria, one of the 7 Wonders of antiquity, and preserved in the Naval Museum, one of tourist attractions to visit.
During a tour of the city is a must to visit the famous Library of Alexandria, although it was rebuilt to new since the original was affected by a fire in the past was the world's largest library founded in the third century BC , growing to over 700,000 books. You'll also find several mosques, churches, palaces.
Shore excursion in Alexandria has its own charm. The best way to enjoy Alexandria is walking and going through each of its corners where magic mixed Roman and Greek Egyptian style. walk along its waterfront, enjoy also the beaches, where at certain times of day you can see how the men prepare for Muslim prayer spreading their blankets on the sand of the beaches and so worship Allah. A city may not have Egyptian pyramids, but many years of history and great heritage and cultural value.
The port has been the center of the city throughout its history and from it you can access the island of Pharos in a lighthouse that was located over 120 m. considered one of the Seven Wonders of the World. Legend has it that the lighthouse had over 300 rooms for the workers and the top was located the machinery that made it work, it is believed that it was a sort of lens invented by the Alexandrian mathematicians, but in reality it is not known how it worked. His disappearance in the eighth century became the lighthouse and everything around you in a mystery. Although it was rebuilt never regained its glory and in the fourteenth century an earthquake destroyed it completely. Qaitbay Sultan took the remains to build in the same place a fortress in 1480, Fort Qait-Bay. You can see today some columns of granite and marble and Hydrobiological Museum which houses a seawater aquarium fish in the Mediterranean and Red Sea in 50 tanks. The island of Pharos is connected to the city for a very wide dike along which several tram lines.